Looking to know the Different Types Of Weaving?
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- What are the different types of weaving?
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These Are Different Types Of Weaving
1. Plain Weave
This is a fabric with the simplest interlacing, but it makes it a very strong and resistant fabric because this interlacing is more common than any other fabric.
In this weaving, the warp yarn is woven over the weft yarn by alternately lifting and lowering the yarns. that is, each weft yarn passes under and over the warp yarns across the width of the fabric.
The advantage of this fabric is that it is quite strong and durable and produces very fine fabrics of good quality.
Weft yarn and warp yarn are mixed with different colors that help to form defined images and designs on the rug. The plain weave design provides a firm, durable fabric that is strong and rigid.
2. Twill Weave
In this fabric, one or more warp fibers are alternately woven repeatedly over and under two or more weft fibers (with weft face) or one or more weft fibers are alternately woven repeatedly over and under two or more fibers of warp (warp-faced). This results in a strong, smooth fabric that covers more than any other self-designed effect fabric, with parallel diagonal ribs formed from left to right or right to left, but the fabric has a smooth surface.
There are clear diagonal lines on the surface of the fabric. The back of this fabric is rough and shows the opposite pattern to the front. Twill fabrics are more durable, heavier and wrinkle resistant than plain weave fabrics.
In denim, possibly the best known twill, the weft yarn is white or off-white and the warp yarn is indigo dyed.
Twill has been used for centuries and is a staple of many fabric designs. In the Middle Ages, twill patterns were often used for wool, tablecloths, or bedspreads. The tight weave makes this material durable and adds some visual interest and flair with the diagonal pattern. Twill is often used to form fabric and is often made from woolen yarn.
3. Lappet Weave
Lappet weave is a method of creating machine embroidery-like figures on a fabric surface by applying warp threads. Spinning fabric is a similar fabric into which weft threads are inserted. It is very similar to how embroidery is done.
4. Tapestry Weave
This is also done by the jacquard loom, but it relies heavily on handloom techniques and has very elaborate designs that generally consist of a single repeat. Complex designs characterized by numerous color changes are made up of weft yarns and warp yarns. It is used interchangeably with jacquard fabric. You will find tapestries and flat-weave rugs made with this technique.
5. Basket Weave
A basket weaving pattern can be easily made with any loom. This is a variation of the plain weave. A basket weave creates a square weave with an even number of warp and weft threads.
This is a variation of the plain weave but with more than one thread. Two or more warp fibers are alternately interwoven with two or more weft fibers. Instead of the over-under pattern on a plain weave, we have an over-over-under-under pattern.
The resulting fabric has a matte weave and flexibility and a looser construction. However, it is not as durable as plain weave and may shrink with washing. It is difficult to sew.
6. Rib Weave
A variation of plain weave. Here the warp or weft yarn is lifted because it is a thicker yarn, that is, the warp and weft yarns have different weights. The weft yarn is generally thicker, with prominent ribs that appear in the horizontal direction.
7. Herringbone Weave
This refers to a torn twill weave that gives a herringbone (zigzag) pattern where the left and right twill appear alternately side by side, both of the same width.
Herringbone weave is also called feather twill or arrowhead twill. Aside from the design appeal, it has all the qualities of a twill weave. This is similar to other broken twill designs, such as the chevron pattern.
The shell weave has a combination of right and left twill, it looks like a shell.
8. Dutch Weave
A Dutch weave can be used for fabrics or metals and is highly valued for its durability and strength. A Dutch weave requires that the pattern has a limited number of warp threads, with a maximum number of weft threads.
This structure creates an elongated plain weave pattern. The long stitch makes a very strong and durable fabric that can withstand high pressures and is resistant to tearing.
This type of weave is often found on solid materials and fabrics such as cotton canvas. More so, this weave is widely used for fine metal to create durable and robust screens. The Dutch weave is a simple yet practical weave type that can be applied to many textures, materials and industries.
9. Waffle Weave
This is also known as honeycomb fabric because of the pattern it creates on the surface of the fabric. The warp and weft threads are intertwined and float in a way that produces a regular pattern of small, square, hollow ribs in the fabric. This fabric has a 3D effect, but creates a rough surface due to the raised areas on the surface of the fabric. The shapes formed on the surface of the fabric can be square or diamond-shaped.
10. Bedford Cord weave
It is a characteristic fabric that you will find in the Bedford Cord fabric with longitudinal ribs. The fabric has prominent longitudinal ribs with recessed lines between them. This is a combination of plain weave and twill weave with whip cord. Cotton is introduced into this fabric to give the laces more prominence.
11. Leno Weave
In this fabric, the warp threads are not parallel to each other as in other fabrics; adjacent warp fibers (two or more) twist around successive weft fibers (one or more) to form a spiral pair . Results in a translucent open-weave fabric that is strong at the same time. It is also called mesh fabric.
12. Satin Weave
This is a variation of the twill weave, but with continuous warp yarns, with the least possible number of weft breaks, that is, it has fewer crossings of warp and weft yarns; the weft yarns are braided over warp yarns, resulting in a smooth, shiny surface.
The fibers used are filament fibers such as silk or nylon. The fabric in this woven pattern will be very soft and shiny and has a flexible structure due to the long floats. The greatest brightness will be in the longitudinal direction.
The downside is that the fibers in the fabric catch easily, so this fabric is not considered as strong as the other fabrics. The advantage of this fabric is its own drawback: it is the long floating threads that get snagged.