Learning to embroider is both enjoyable and calming, and it’s a simple method to produce gorgeous fabric and thread art.
Although learning to embroider may appear daunting at first, most patterns just require a few simple stitches. If you’re new to stitching, having a resource of many sorts of embroidery stitches is crucial; it will help you recall stitches you’ve learned as well as discover new techniques and styles for your next project.
TYPES OF EMBROIDERY STITCHES
This needlepoint pattern is ideal for filling space when worked in backstitch. For a genuine trellis effect, stitch it on a diagonal. Stitch a set of parallel backstitch lines, trying to keep the stitch length uniform. Stitch the second set of parallel backstitch lines perpendicular to the first, with the embroidery threads’ ends crossing.
This embroidery technique is great for appliqué or ornamental stitching. Maintain a constant stitch height and spacing… Alternatively, mix it up to make a pattern! Arrive at the first point. Keep the needle over the working thread as you go down to point 2 and back up to point 3. To make a right angle, pull the thread.
Bullion knots are difficult to master at first, but with skill, they can be used to add texture and gorgeous flowers to your stitching. Bring the needle up to point 1, then down to point 2, then back up to point 1 while maintaining the needle in the cloth.
Wrap the needle until it is the same length as the distance between points 1 and 2. Wrap the knot a little tighter if you don’t want it to rest flat on the cloth. Pull the needle through the wrapped thread with your non-dominant hand while holding the wrapping. Pull the thread down to point 2 until the stitch is neatly laid out.
Chain stitching is done backward in this basic way. It’s a terrific way to add texture to your products using embroidery. Make a little embroidered stitch using a straight needle.
Return to point 1, slip the needle beneath the little straight stitch and return to point 1. Return to point 2 and pass the needle beneath the previous stitch before returning to point 2.
FRENCH KNOT STITCH
Because it is so practical, this is an embroidery stitch that everyone should master. Holding the working thread tight while pulling it through is the key.
Return to point 1 and loop the thread twice around the needle. Bring the needle down at point 2 (near to point 1, but not the same hole) and pull carefully until the knot is made, holding the working thread in your non-dominant hand.
If French knots are too difficult for you, consider this option for making eyes and other dotted decorations. Bring your needle up to point 1, make a backward C with the thread, and place it over the C.
Wrap the thread around the needle’s tip and then under it. Bring the needle down at point 2 (adjacent to point 1, but not the same hole) and pull carefully until the knot is made while retaining the working thread tight.
This basic stitch can be done in a row or as individual stitches. Bring the thread up to point 1 and then down to point 2, leaving the thread free. Come up to point 3, capture the thread loop, and pull to make a ‘V’. Go down to point number four.
Because it makes a very undetectable line of stitching, this embroidery technique is great for closing seam holes! When both sides of the seam are kept together, use this variant.
On the inside of one side of the seam, bring the needle out approximately 0.5mm below the fold. Go in at point 1 and out at point 2 on the opposite side of the seam, just across from where the thread came out.
Point 3 is where you should enter and point 4 is where you should exit. Stitch about.5mm below the fold on either side of the seam, going back and forth. Pull the thread lightly every few stitches to tighten the seam.
This stitch is commonly used for flower petals, but it’s also great for embroidering tiny seeds. Come up to point 1 and then return to point 1, creating a tiny loop.
To point 2, go up through the loop, then down at point 3. (next to point 2, but not the same hole).
A picot stitch is a great way to make dimensional flowers, leaves, feathers, and more in your needlework. The base of the stitch is sewn into the cloth, while the remainder is woven and unattached to it.
Place a large-headed sewing pin vertically into the fabric. Raise the needle to point one. Bring the working thread behind the pin’s head and return to point 2. Return to point 3 adjacent to the pin, as centered as possible between points 1 and 2.
Weave the needle under, over, and under the three vertical threads after bringing the working thread behind the head of the pin.
Bring the thread to the top. Weave the needle over, under, and over the vertical threads from the side where the working thread emerges. Repeat, weaving back and forth and tightening the thread each time. Bring the form back to life once it’s been filled.
This stitch looks like the center of a flower and is similar to a French knot. You may create them any length you like, but don’t make them too long.
Return to point 1 and loop the thread twice around the needle. Bring the needle down at point 2 with your non-dominant hand holding the working thread. Pull steadily until the knot is made, keeping the coiled thread firm around the needle and close to the cloth.
Start with three small parallel stitches to form the center. Use stem stitch around the center, working in circles and increasing the stitch length until the rose reaches the desired size. Experiment using materials such as yarn or ribbon.
This stitch is perfect for filling an area with a smooth finish. Because the stitches might snag if they are too long, it’s better to work in tiny sections.
Start with point 1 and work your way down to point 2. Go up to point 3 and then down to point 4. Repeat. Stitches should always be worked across the region you’re filling, coming up on the opposite side of where your needle went down.
The scallop stitch, which looks like a lazy daisy, makes it simple to create grins for small stitched creatures. Bring the thread up to point 1 and then down to point 2, leaving the thread free. Come up to point 3, capturing the thread loop, and then down to point 4. (next to point 3, but not the same hole).
Stem stitch is fantastic for textured outlines, however, it does require some experience. Start at point 1 and work your way up to point 2, then down to point 2. Come up to point 3 with the loose thread underneath the needle before drawing the stitch near to the cloth.
Repeat by pulling the thread taut. Start at point 1 and work your way up to point 2, then down to point 2. Come up to point 3 with the loose thread underneath the needle before drawing the stitch near to the cloth. Repeat by pulling the thread taut.
The straight stitch is the most basic of stitches and can be used alone or in groups. Start with point 1 and work your way down to point 2. Repeat.
This is a fantastic method to add thickness, texture, or extra color to a line of backstitching. Begin with a backstitch line. Arrive at the first point.
From the top-down, slide the needle beneath the first backstitch. From the top-down, slide the needle beneath the next stitch. Repeat. When you reach the end of the backstitch line, bring the needle down at point 2.
WHIPPED SPIDER WEB
This stitch resembles a spider web, but it may also be used to create beautiful floral forms. Create eight spokes by starting with a base of four crossed stitches.
Come up between two spokes, near to the middle. Without passing through the fabric, slide the needle beneath spokes 1 and 2. Slide the needle beneath spokes 2 and 3 after crossing over spoke 2. Continue around all of the spokes until the web is filled.
The feather stitch is a variation on the chain stitch that uses the second stitch to anchor the loop of the preceding one. When you need to cover a larger area, this chain variant is ideal.
Begin by making a straight stitch with the needle and floss through the cloth. Allow a loop to develop and draw the needle up through that loop rather than pulling the floss all the way through.
The following stitch should be spaced oppositely as the previous one. By not allowing the floss to travel through the cloth, you may make another loop. Pull the needle up through the loop on the opposite side and repeat.
Put these into practice, and we’re confident you’ll go far!
With these fundamentals, you may create a plethora of unique hand embroidered patterns. Don’t worry if your first few tries were unsuccessful. Just keep practicing and you’ll be able to master them all sooner or later.